The number of cats and dogs abandoned in a year is enormous. And this grows year after year. The cause is the excess of animals born unintentionally. Sterilization of animals forms part of abandoned animal control and is an effort to reduce euthanasia.
Animal kennels are full and have no more capacity to take on more animals. Many others end up in municipal pounds where they are terminated. But many animals are not “lucky” enough to die this dignified death and die on highways, hit by cars, or in forests or fields, starving to death while their bodies decompose and rot in the sun. To prevent this, sterilization is the best solution. Every day, more cats are submitted to sterilization with the purpose of avoiding the overpopulation of animals and the serious problems it brings. With all this said, we are going to give a summary of the objective of sterilization.
What Does the Operation Consist of?
Sterilization is an operation with the definitive objective of eliminating the reproductive cycle of an animal. All these surgical interventions are performed with general anesthesia and the risk is minimal. They do not require hospitalization. An animal totally recovers in about two or three days. The process of the operation is different depending on whether it is performed on a male or female. For each one there also exist different methods of sterilization.
For male cats, the most common operations are:
Vasectomy: tying of the seminiferous ducts. In these cases, it is good to sterilize between six and eight months of age.
Castration: The removal of the testicles is the most widespread operation in the E.U. to avoid male reproduction. It eliminates the production of sperm and the masculine sexual hormone, the cause of some negative behavior.
For female cats, the three surgeries generally practiced are:
Ovarian hysterectomy: The extraction of the ovaries and uterus. It eliminates the production of eggs, the female hormones and the appearance of menstrual cycles.
Tubal ligation: It is easier to perform but involves risk. With this operation, the female continues ovulating, although the sperm of the males is prevented from meeting and fertilizing the egg.
Ovariectomy: consists in the extraction of the ovaries.
Objectives of Sterilization
This operation is aimed at different ends. Among them:
To avoid animal overpopulation and, with it, to eliminate the problem of abandoned dogs and undesired cats. It is a way to lower the number of animals found on the street living in poor conditions that are the source of many infections and illnesses capable of affecting humans. It avoids the cat suffering problems during periods in heat, like escaping or fighting with other cats. There are studies that say that sterilization keeps the animal from contracting certain illnesses related to the reproductive processes and birth, in the case of females.