No matter what animal you have, whether it is a cat or a dog, one of the most essential things you should have for your pet to grow healthy and strong is a veterinary practitioner. He is in charge of monitoring the health of your pet and recommending the vaccines they should be given and how often. The veterinarian will follow-up the vaccinations. He will be in charge of your pet’s illnesses and, furthermore, he will remind you every time it is necessary to bring your little animal in for a medical checkup.
And this checkup is very important. It does not matter if your pet is healthy…It is important that you visit the veterinarian every year. In this check up, your pet will be given a physical examination which can prevent many illnesses. But even if you take your cat to the veterinarian once a year, throughout the year you must be attentive to their physical state. You can give your pet a simple checkup once a month to prematurely detect signs of health problems in your cat. With these monthly checkups, you can discover issues, call your veterinarian and prevent the problem before it becomes something more serious.
To perform this medical home checkup, you should use the following steps:
Check the cat over for unusual bumps. To do this, just place both hands on your cat’s head and pull down underneath the neck, then behind the front legs, along the back, on the paws, on the hips… Also observe the claws and the paw pads to see if there are any cuts or scratches.
Very gently, pull down your cat’s lower eyelid. The inside area should be pink. Also observe the white part of the eyes, which should be a bright white without reddening. Verify that the size of the pupils is normal and check that they respond to the light. Pay close attention to darker secretions as they can signal an infection.
Teeth and Gum Check
Lift your cat’s lips, separating them from the gums, and press firmly with your finger on one of the upper teeth. When you take your finger away, the white-colored spot left by your finger should return to pink. Open the mouth to inspect all the teeth. Check the buildup of plaque, which can cause a periodontal problem.
Fur and Skin Check
A cat’s coat should be smooth all over its body. Split the fur close to the head and along the spine and see if there are scales, scabs or cuts. Look for signs of fleas (flakes or black spots) at the base of the tail, rear and stomach.
You should weigh your cat regularly. To know if your cat suffers from obesity or malnutrition, follow these instructions:
Place both hands on your cat’s ribs; if your cat has an appropriate weight, you should be able to feel its ribs. If you feel them too well, your cat is malnourished. Also look for fatty deposits in the groin, between the hind legs and under the stomach.
Your cat’s ears should be clean and pink, though not a deep pink color, and they should be free if dirt or strong odors. Check if there is wax in them, especially dark cerumen, which indicates the presence of mites or infection.
If you note anything unusual in your cat, some type of anomaly, go as soon as possible to the veterinarian who will help your cure your cat, administering a treatment or following a procedure until your feline is totally recovered from its pain. Remember that he knows how to handle any situation and that sometimes homemade remedies only make the situation worse