The first thing you should know in respect to this is: what is declawing? It is the elimination of the cat’s claws through a surgical operation. This operation is known, however, the term declawing is too soft for what the operation really is and what consequences it has for a cat. The operation is complicated as it consists in amputating the last phalanges in the cat’s digits, the base of the retracting tendon and the nail bed. With this, the retractable claws that it would have used its whole life to scratch, play, walk and defend itself will disappear forever.
But what you really don’t know and what we want to tell you are the problems this can create for your cat, because, in addition to the pain this operation causes, you are causing the poor animal to be incapable of defending itself in daily life or of having normal behavior, as felines use their paws and nails for practically everything.
The claws are the cat’s most important tools, they are indispensable for them.
The claws take part in almost every thing that the cat does while it is awake: When it wakes up, the cat sinks its claws into the scratching pole and pulls with its strength against the resistance of the claws to stimulate and tone the upper part of its body. Playing, its claws grab the toys, etc.
The cat scratches with its claws, and cats need to scratch. Scratching is an activity linked to the nature of a cat. A cat scratches several times a day for several reasons: relieving stress, marking its territory, exercising its muscles, etc. Claws are at the heart of the activity of scratching.
Claws are also necessary for the cat to walk. The claws bear the full weight of the cat. Cats sustain themselves and walk on the extension of the claws. When you amputate the end, as occurs in the declawing operation, the cat is forced to change its posture to compensate for this change